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'1 in 10 TB patients fail to complete course treatment'

24 March 2018, 02:18 | Lucy Hill

Doctors and health staff Can Land in jail 2 years for not reporting TB cases

A doctor examines a patient suffering from tuberculosis during his visit at the Government TB hospital in Hyderabad India Tuesday

With around 2.8 million cases, India has the highest number of tuberculosis patients, the World Health Organisation's TB Report-2017 says. Today, President and PM have also come out to address the issue of Tuberculosis in India., urging it to stop by 2050.

In a drive to make India tuberculosis (TB) free, the Indian government has introduced a provision according to which chemists and hospital staff treating TB patients who do not give information to the health authorities about each and every patient that approach them could face up to two years in jail. In Telangana and AP, a mere 1,700 patients were reported by private hospitals during that year, said experts during an awareness programme held at a city hospital on Friday, on the eve of World Tuberculosis Day. The date marks the day in 1882 when Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease.

From the number of cases of TB findings, as many as 300 thousand cases have not been reported and recorded perfectly, making it hard to know the TB patients with the type of disease and completeness of treatment. Over 95 per cent of cases and deaths are recorded from developing countries.

Continued training of health care personnel and laboratory staff locally and overseas in newer methods for diagnosing TB, providing TB treatment and care, and other areas of concern at the primary care level in all districts.

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"New Zealand is not immune to TB and I am proud to say that our scientists are contributing at the forefront of discovery to end this disease". Tobacco smoking, harmful use of alcohol and other substance abuse, air pollution, exposure to silica dust, living with HIV/AIDS, diabetes and malnutrition all increase the risk of TB. The TB mortality rate in the Region (5 per 100 000 population in 2016) remains much lower than the global average (17 per 100 000). Many countries are now making greater efforts to combat TB.

TB is preventable and curable; however, persistent challenges remain. Launching TB Free India Campaign in Delhi earlier this month, Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Yet, contrary to WHO guidelines and other global human rights standards, the public health or criminal law practices of some countries allow for involuntary hospitalization or even imprisonment of people with TB, while some countries have laws that permit mandatory treatment.

Tuberculosis is the largest infectious disease killer in the world, even surpassing HIV. It is also not true that TB patients shouldn't eat with the family during meals, and that patients can't return to work or school.

Continuous coughing for two or more weeks, blood in saliva & cough, sudden weight loss, lack of appetite, night sweats, fever, chills, and fatigue. "However", she continued, "they may develop TB disease in the future and are often prescribed treatment to prevent them from developing TB disease".

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